In the current project management landscape, the distinction between a mere group of individuals and a cohesive team has never been more pronounced. Projects today are often a mosaic of diverse, globally dispersed professionals, each bringing a unique set of skills and experiences.

A modern project manager faces the pivotal challenge of transforming this collective into a unified team—a team that not only shares tasks but also shares a commitment to a common goal and to each other. Cohesion within this team is not a luxury; it is a necessity for project success.

From Group of Individuals to Cohesive Team

Gone are the days when being in the same room was enough to foster a sense of team unity. Now, project managers must be architects of cohesion, actively building connections and a sense of togetherness among team members who may only ever meet virtually. It is crucial to cultivate an environment where individual contributions are recognized as integral parts of a collective effort, where the success of the project is intrinsically linked to the synergy of the team.

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The Art of Fostering Cohesion

Creating a cohesive team out of a group of individuals requires deliberate and continuous effort. A project manager must prioritize team-building activities that go beyond mere ice-breakers to those that foster deep trust and mutual respect. They must also craft opportunities for team members to experience and work through challenges collaboratively, solidifying their bond.

Example: A project manager orchestrates a series of cross-functional workshops where team members from different disciplines collaborate on solving real project problems, breaking down silos and fostering a sense of unity.

Strategies for Cultivating Cohesion: Uniting a Spectrum of Individuals

In a project environment where individualism often takes precedence, the modern project manager must employ strategic finesse to weave disparate threads into a cohesive tapestry. Building a team where cohesion is the backbone involves an active, nuanced approach that goes beyond conventional team-building exercises. Here’s an expanded look at the strategies that can help foster deep-rooted cohesion among project team members.

Encouraging Shared Experiences: Shared experiences are the cornerstone of team unity. These experiences must be thoughtfully curated to build a collective narrative for the team, even when working remotely.

Virtual Collaboration Sessions: Host online brainstorming sessions where team members can share ideas freely, cultivating a shared sense of creation.

Remote Team-building Activities: Arrange remote activities that are both fun and engaging, like virtual escape rooms, which require teamwork and problem-solving in an enjoyable context.

Consistent and Inclusive Communication: Effective communication is the conduit for team cohesion. It must be regular, inclusive, and purposed to keep the team informed and connected.

Open Forums: Create open forums where team members can express their thoughts and opinions, such as a weekly team call or a dedicated chat channel.

Regular Updates: Ensure that project updates are frequent and transparent, providing a clear picture of where the project stands and how each member’s contributions are making a difference.

Acknowledging and Celebrating Contributions: Recognition of individual efforts is key to building a cohesive team. It is important to celebrate successes and contributions in a manner that reinforces their value to the team’s shared goals.

Personalized Acknowledgment: Recognize individuals in team meetings for their contributions, taking care to highlight the specific impact of their work on the project’s progress.

Celebratory Milestones: Mark project milestones with virtual celebrations or acknowledgments that reinforce a sense of shared achievement.

Aligning with Core Values and Shared Goals: Cohesion is nurtured when everyone is rowing in the same direction. Alignment on core values and shared goals is critical.

Vision Workshops: Conduct workshops that engage team members in defining and owning the project’s vision and objectives.

Value Articulation: Regularly articulate the project’s core values and demonstrate how they align with both the project’s goals and the team’s daily activities.

Fostering Interpersonal Relationships: Encouraging team members to form genuine connections can lead to stronger bonds that contribute to overall project cohesion.

Interest-based Groups: Facilitate the formation of interest-based groups within the team, such as book clubs or coding dojos, where members can connect on a personal level.

‘Get to Know You’ Sessions: Organize informal sessions where team members share something about their life outside of work, helping to build empathy and understanding within the team.

Providing Professional Development Opportunities: Investing in the team’s growth can foster loyalty and a sense of belonging. Professional development is a collective investment in the team’s future.

Skill-sharing Workshops: Implement peer-to-peer learning sessions where team members can teach each other skills, enhancing both personal growth and team competence.

Mentorship Programs: Establish mentorship pairings within the team, encouraging more experienced members to guide others, which can strengthen inter-team relationships.

Creating a Supportive Environment: A supportive environment is a breeding ground for cohesion. When team members feel supported, they are more likely to collaborate effectively and contribute positively to the team dynamic.
Wellness Initiatives: Introduce wellness initiatives that show the team that their well-being is a priority, such as mindfulness breaks or wellness challenges.

Support Networks: Create support networks within the team, such as ‘buddy systems’ for new joiners, to ensure everyone has someone to turn to for help or advice.


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The Modern Project Manager as a Team Builder

For the modern project manager, the ability to build and maintain a cohesive team is a critical skill. They are the catalysts for team cohesion, responsible for setting the tone and laying the groundwork for a culture of collaboration. Their role involves not just managing tasks and deadlines but also understanding and nurturing the interpersonal dynamics that are key to a successful project.

Example: A project manager leading a global health initiative takes the time to understand the personal motivations of each team member, finding a common thread that ties individual aspirations to the project’s mission.


Cultivating cohesion within a team is an artful balance of strategy and empathy, requiring a project manager to be both a planner and a people-person. By championing shared experiences, consistent communication, individual recognition, value alignment, interpersonal relationships, professional development, and a supportive environment, project managers can transform a group of individuals into a cohesive and high-performing team.

Such teams are marked not just by the success of their projects, but by the enduring connections between their members, the growth they experience together, and the collective pride in their work. It is this deeply rooted cohesion that becomes the lifeblood of exceptional teams, propelling projects to new heights of success and innovation.

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